What Is Eid ul Adha: Fundamentals Explained

There are two Eid festivals in Islam: Eid-ul-Fitr, which marks the completion of Ramadan; and Eid-ul-Adha, the greater Eid, who followed the annual Hajj pilgrimage, during the Qurbani (sacrifice).

Eid ul Adha

Although Eid-ul-Adha has no direct connection with the Pilgrimage, it is one day after the completion of the pilgrimage and therefore has a vested interest in time.
Eid-ul-Adha Day falls on the tenth day of the last month (second month) of the Islamic Lunar Calendar; Dhu-al-Hijjah. The festival day falls on the legal appearance of the moon, following the completion of the annual Hajj Holy Pilgrimage – which is an obligation for all Muslims to meet certain criteria, one of the Five Pillars of Islam.

Eid-ul-Adha’s celebration was to commemorate Abraham’s obedience to Allah Almighty and his willingness to sacrifice his son Ishmael. At the point of sacrifice, Allah Almighty replaced Ishmael with a lamb, which would be slaughtered in place of his son. This command from Allah Almighty is a test of Abraham’s willingness and commitment to obey his God, without question. Thus, Eid-ul-Adha means the celebration of sacrifice.

Depending on the country, the Eid-ul-Adha festival can take anywhere between two and four days. The Qurbani (sacrifice) was performed following the Eid Salaah (Eid Prayer), which was held at a nearby mosque on the eve of Eid.

The Qurbani act consisted of slaughtering animals as a sacrifice to mark this event in commemoration of Abraham’s sacrifice to Allah Almighty. This is also known as Udhiya. Day of animal sacrifice three days, from 10 to 12 Dhu-al-Hijjah.

The sacrificial animal must be a sheep, goat, goat, cow, cow or camel; sheep, goats or goats comprise one section of Qurbani, while cattle, cows or camels contain seven shares per animal. Animals must be in good condition and older to be slaughtered, in a “halal-friendly” way.

Qurbani meat can then be divided into three equal portions; one third is for you and your family, one third is for friends, and the last third is for donations to those in need.

Traditionally, days are spent celebrating with family, friends and loved ones, often wearing new or best clothes and giving presents.

Donate your Qurbani with Muslim Aid this year and make sure your donations are made to those most in need.

Of all the Islamic Aid, Eid Mubarak is blessed for all of you.

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