Diabetes is considered one of the most prevalent diseases, and it is widespread in the Arab world of all kinds. Learn about it and its Symptoms of sugar and causes.
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Diabetes or diabetes is known as diabetes, is one of the most common chronic diseases. It is caused by a lack of secretion of the hormone insulin or its failure to excrete it completely due to an imbalance in the work of the pancreas, or the body’s lack of response to the hormone properly, which leads to lack of control of blood sugar levels.
Diabetes has many common Symptoms of sugar that are easy to identify. We will talk about them and how to examine them in this article:
Types of diabetes
There are two main types to it:
- The first type of diabetes known as childhood diabetes
- The second type is known as adult diabetes
There is a third type that usually affects only pregnant women, so it is known as gestational diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes
The symptoms of diabetes are very similar to their types, but some of them may be more distinct in one group and not the other. The
main Symptoms of sugar are:
- Extreme hunger
- frequent urination
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Fatigue and debility
- Slowly heal wounds
Symptoms of the first type
The most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes are:
- Feeling thirsty
- Extreme hunger
- Frequent urination
- Involuntary urination in children
- Blurred vision
- Female vaginal infections and fungi in females
- General fatigue and weakness
- Weight loss and thin
- Mood swings
Symptoms of sugar the second type
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes usually develop slowly.
Sometimes it may be difficult for a diabetic to know that he has had this type for years. The most common Symptoms of sugar this type are:
- Excessive hunger: As the hormone insulin is not produced in sufficient quantities in the body, which means that sugar is not transferred to the body cells properly and it is used as a source of energy as it should, thus feeling very hungry.
- Fatigue and weakness: cells were deprived of glucose and the need for energy.
- Extreme thirst: excess sugar in the bloodstream leads to an imbalance of fluids on the surface of the cell, which leads to the withdrawal of fluids within the tissues, thus increasing the feeling of thirst.
- Frequent urination: especially at night, as a result of feeling thirsty and frequent drinking, the number of times urination increases.
- Blurry vision: a high level of sugar in the bloodstream leads to fluid withdrawal from the lens of the eye, which affects the strength of focus and vision.
- Slow healing of bedsores and wounds.
- Frequent infections: due to high blood sugar, which makes the environment suitable for microbes.
- Bad breath: as a result of the production of continuous bodies, as the body tends to burn fats as an alternative energy source when glucose is not available in cells, and as a side effect of the fat metabolism process, it produces ketone bodies that cause bad breath.
- Weight loss: Although you eat a high-calorie meal, the body cannot get enough energy from glucose and thus works to switch to glycogen and fat stores and use it to produce energy.
- Dark places in the body, such as the neck or armpits, may be evidence of insulin resistance in the body.
Symptoms and treatment of gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is usually developed only during pregnancy, and it has the same common Symptoms of sugar. However, a high blood sugar level in a pregnant woman may affect the health of the mother and the fetus and put them at risk.
Pregnancy diabetes treatment
Mothers can control diabetes during pregnancy by simply following a proper diet that helps them manage blood sugar levels, exercise an appropriate physical activity and adhere to the prescribed medications if necessary to take them.
Symptoms of sugar diabetes in pregnant women
- Increased risk of infections
- Itching of the genitals
- Increased risk of miscarriage and the birth of low-weight children.
Usually, the high level of sugar in the blood or in the urine is a way to detect diabetes, and usually, this is done by a number of laboratory tests that are performed by the patient, so if the results show an increase in sugar levels over the normal rate (70-120 mg) / Desliter), then an infection may be diagnosed.
Blood tests used for this purpose include:
- Check the random blood sugar level
- Check the level of sugar in the blood during fasting
- Cumulative examination.
Causes of diabetes
Many of the reasons may be behind your diabetes, but type 1 diabetes has not been identified.
As for the second type, the most prominent causes may be an unhealthy lifestyle and following unhealthy eating habits, in combination with the genetic susceptibility to infection, and here are the points, the most famous factors that may be lurking behind infection:
- Genetics: plays a major and essential role in increasing the risk of developing diabetes, especially type II.
- Wrong lifestyle: an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity.
- Obesity: Excess weight.
The treatment of diabetes is determined by its type. It includes:
Treating type 1 diabetes
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes, but it can be controlled, controlled and prevented from its complications by:
- Take insulin needles
- Monitor blood sugar levels constantly
- Regulate eating and count carbohydrate rations
- Eat a healthy diet and stick to proper habits
- Practicing proper and regular physical activity.
Treating type 2 diabetes
There is no definitive treatment for type 2 diabetes yet, but it is possible to control and relieve its Symptoms of sugar once you follow the following rules:
- Monitor blood sugar continuously
- If you are obese, reduce your weight and reach the ideal weight for you
- Exercise regularly
- Adhere to the medication prescribed by the doctor, especially organized drugs
- People with type 2 diabetes may rarely need to take insulin and in advanced cases of the disease
- Stick to a healthy diet and healthy behaviors.
Prevention of diabetes
In the first type of diabetes, there is no way to prevent the disease, as long as the cause of the disease is unknown.
As for type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes, surely following a healthy lifestyle may contribute significantly to this or prevent the development of complications!
Among the most important preventive measures:
- Eat a healthy diet: low in fat and calories and rich in dietary fiber. With an increased focus on complex carbohydrates, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Excess weight loss: As studies have proven that losing approximately 7% of body weight contributes to a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Regular physical activity: at least 30 minutes a day.
- Taking certain types of medications: such as metformin or Glucophage may in some cases contribute to the prevention, but after consulting a doctor and following a healthy lifestyle.